Hydrogen has the simplest atomic structure among all the elements around us in Nature. In atomic form it consists of only one proton and one electron.
However, in elemental form it exists as a diatomic (H2) molecule and is called dihydrogen. It forms more compounds than any other element.
Do you know that the global concern related to energy can be overcome to a great extent by the use of hydrogen as a source of energy? In fact, hydrogen is of great industrial importance as you will learn in this unit.