5.9.3 Lilaceae

Commonly called the ‘Lily family’ is a characteristic representative of monocotyledonous plants. It is distributed world wide.
Vegetative characters: Perennial herbs with underground bulbs/corms/rhizomes
Leaves mostly basal, alternate, linear, exstipulate with parallel venation
Floral characters
Inflorescence: solitary / cymose; often umbellate clusters
Flower: bisexual; actinomorphic Perianth tepal six (3+3), often united into tube; valvate aestivation
Androcium: stamen six, (3+3)
Gynoecium: tricarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, trilocular with many ovules; axile placentation
Fruit: capsule, rarely berry
Seed: endospermous
Floral Formula: ⊕ P3+3 A3+3 G(3)
Economic Importance
Many plants belonging to this family are good ornamentals (tulip, Gloriosa), source of medicine (Aloe), vegetables (Asparagus), and colchicine (Colchicum autumnale).

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