11.3.6 Downstream Processing

After completion of the biosynthetic stage, the product has to be subjected through a series of processes before it is ready for marketing as a finished product.

The processes include separation and purification, which are collectively referred to as downstream processing.

The product has to be formulated with suitable preservatives. Such formulation has to undergo thorough clinical trials as in case of drugs.

Strict quality control testing for each product is also required. The downstream processing and quality control testing vary from product to product.

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